* Prof. (Dr.) Milind Hukkeri, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
*Corresponding author: dr.milindhukkeri”yahoo.co.in
Received on: 15-02-2022 Accepted: 28-02-2022 Corrected: 19-03-2022
Abstract: Background: Melasma is an acquired problem affecting persons with skin type IV-VI. This is correlated with Vyanga in Ayurveda. The prevalence is more in females than males. It may be centrofacial, malar, mandibular and extrafacial as per the position. Many of herbs or herbal formulations are suggested for the condition. They are predominant with ellagic acid, flavonoids, triterpenesaponin etc. Ingudi is rich triterpenesaponin.
Materials and Methods: Subjects visiting to Hospital of ALNRMAMC were selected for the study irrespective gender and ethnicity. Thick lepa of Ingudi fruit pulp prepared with cold water was used. Melasma Area Severity Index was used for outcome measures. It included area of involvement, darkness in terms of hyperpigmentation and homogeneity of hyperpigmentation.
Result: 59.09% subjects were females while 40.91% were males. Maximum 59.09% were from age-groups of 30-39 years. 72.73% subjects were having centrofacial distribution of hyperpigmentation. Significant result was observed under 95% confidence interval.
Discussion: Ingudi pulp is rich in vitamin C and Vitamin C is proven to inhibit melanogenesis. Diosgenin is another greater component of fruit pulp which is proven against melanogenesis. Flavonoids present with drugs works through collagen and elastin.
Conclusion: Ingudi lepa is safe and efficacious for mild and moderate types of melasma. Area of involvement and darkness were reduced significantly.
Keywords: Vyanga, Melasma, Ingudi, Phalamajja…..