It is an important medicinal plant, used as Laghupanchamoola of Dashmoola in Ayurveda. Roots are used as astringent, diuretic, antipyretic, nervine tonic, anthelmintic etc.
It is an undershrub, up to 120 cm in height. Leaves are unifoliolate. Leaflets are 4-13 x 3-8 cm in size, orbicular, ovate in shape, glabrous above and pubescent below. Flowers are in terminal raceme, violet to white in colour. Fruits are 1.2-2.5 cm long and 2.5 mm broad, subfalcate, upper suture slightly indented, lower deeply indented between the seeds.
Gangetin, gangetinin, desmodin and many other alkaloids are reported in root.
Celastrus paniculatus Willd. (Jyotishmati)
It is large woody climber with lenticels on young shoots. Leaves are broadly ovate, obovate or oblong-ovate. The upper half to three-fourth margin is serrate while lower half to one-fourth is emarginated. Panicles are in drooping cymes. Male and female flowers are different. Capsules are 0.8-1.2 cm across. Seeds are yellowish-brown.
Seeds are used as nervine tonic, diaphoretic and emetic. The seed-oil is used for treating depression and hysteria. It is used for improving memory. Roots are used in swollen veins and in pneumotic affections. Leaves are antidysenteric.
Masrsilea minuta L. is perennial plant from Pteriopsida class and Marsileaceae family. It is common in water and marshy places. The plants is known as Sunishannaka or Swastika in Ayurveda. It is used as sedative, in insomnia and many of behavioural disorders.
It is an appressed hairy herb. Leaves are 1-2.5 - 0.5-1 cm, ovate, elliptic or oblong. Flowers are axillary and solitary. Capsules are 0.3-05 cm across and rounded. Seeds are oblong, smooth and dark-brown.
The whole plant is used as brain tonic. The decoction of plant is given as blood purifier. Evolvine, an alkaloid of plant is used as stimulant for respiration and blood pressure.
This is 8-10 meters tall tree with grey-green bark covered with raised lenticels. Leaves are simple, opposite, 4-15 x 2.5-5 cm in size, elliptic-ovate in shape with acuminated or rounded apex. Flowers are white to dull-white in colour and in cymes or in axillary fascicles. Drupes are ovoid.
Traditionally in Kerala, bark and leaves of this plant are used in joint problems, for wound healing etc.
This is an ornamental plant. The word, 'Thunbergia is given after the name of Swedish botanist Thunberg. The species name, 'mysorensis' is based on the name of the place, Mysore (Karnataka, India).
Like other species of Thunbergia, this plant is also used as antibacterial, anthelmintic etc. in folklore. Still researches are needed.
Seeds are source of castor oil, used for medical and cosmetic purposes. Oil is well known purgative by causing irritation to intestine. The anti-inflammatory effect is also reported for the oil. In different skin related problems either, the oil is used.
Bixa orellana Linn. is a small tree, frequently known as Sinduri in Ayurveda. The seeds are claimed to be used as cordial, febrifuge, astringent etc. Red colour is obtained from seed coat which is due to carotenoid pigments.