Dr. Kavya V., ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Dr. Aswathy P., ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Dr. Shruthi Vasudevan, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Dr. Aartikala, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Dr. Arshiyabanu, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Dr. Ramya M., ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Prof. (Dr.) Milind Hukkeri, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Health is matter of serious concern for everyone to remain happy and successful. Health surveys are specific tool providing a measure of population’s health status. It includes the health behaviors and risk factors for specific and general health problems for particular area. It also assists in assessment of costing of healthcare by policy makers for improvement of health. Administration uses such data for framing the policies on health related topics. Surveys depends upon the self-reporting of health status on broader level. Subjective nature of self-reporting before the healthcare practitioners needs tactful questionnaire and awareness of people towards health to find out the real condition of any area.
Specific health surveys and prevalence studies are done for various regions of Karnataka, but general health surveys are rarely observed based on sub-district level studies. So, Koppa is selected for present study. Koppa is a sub-district place in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka. It is situated at the height of 789 meters at latitude of 13.53º N and longitude of 75.36º E1. The average temperature is 22ºC – 26ºC2 while the average rainfall from 1996-2005 is noted as 2640.7 mm3. Its natural landscapes with rich diversity gives a beautiful look. A greater portion of jungle within and in surroundings of Koppa makes the area free from air pollution.
As per the census of 2011, the population of Koppa is 84,882. 5.88% people live in town while remaining inhabit in 80 villages spread in 570.13 square km area4. Out of total population, 48.89% are males while 51.11% are females4. The number of households in villages and town are respectively 19,995 and 1,3314. Among 40,850 total workers noted in census, 64.64% are males while 35.36% are females4. 16.74% of them are cultivators while 16.42% are agricultural laborers4. Household industry workers are 1.40%4. The nature of life-style dependent upon works and food-habits leave greater impacts on general health viz., gastrointestinal disorders, stress, fever, diabetes, joint pain etc. Continuous ignorance or unawareness about the information of general health problems may make the conditions serious in number of cases, so the objectives of study are set to find the common health problems in different age groups and prevalence of specific problems in Koppa.