Dr. Prashant Kumar Jha, Reader, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Accepted by all school of thoughts in Indian Philosophy, Pratyaksha Pramana is acknowledged universally as independent proof. The area of Pratyaksha Pramana is comprehensive and whole world believes in this only. The knowledge as outcome of conjunction of senses and objects is taken as Pratyaksha Pramana. It is doubtless and definite. It may be Laukika (ordinary) or Alaukika (extraordinary). Ordinary is further divided in to Savikalpaka (determinate) and Nirvikalpaka (indeterminate). Both determinate and indeterminate are said to be of two folds, being Arvachina (recent) and Anarvachina (memorial). Ordinary determinate is well recognized by everyone. Important of mana (mind) is given specific space in processing of association between five senses and objects based on cognition and conscious. Six types of associations are suggested which differs from each other based on qualities.