*Dr. Adityarajsinh Jadeja, ALNRMAMC, Koppa
Corresponding Author: [email protected]
Received: 18-08-2019 Accepted: 11-11-2019 Published: 18-12-2019
Abstract: Background: Mana or Manas is mentioned as Antarindriya in Ayurveda which connects the sense organs and their actions with soul. Its molecular structures are relevant to molecular nature of neurochemicals while other functions are simile to all functions of brain in conjointly.
Characteristics: It is essential for real cognition. Manas represents the external world. It decides the attitudes or tendencies of human beings leading to frame a personality. All realities attached to Manas is attached to decipherment of functions of brain.
Planes of Manas: Patanjali Yoga Sutra alludes Kshipta, Mudha, Vikshipta, Ekagra and Niruddha as planes of mind. Even modern psychology has referred the planes similarly.
State of Manas: Depending upon concentration of mind, four states are mentioned as Laya, Vikshepa, Kashaya and Rasaswada.
Factors Affecting Manas: Family problems, past experiences, pressure in life etc. are highlighted as external factors while genetic relationship, physiological causes and physical impacts are taken under internal factors affecting the mind of anyone.
Brain-mind relationship: Mind cannot be segregated from brain as brain controls, directs and stores all qualities quoted for Manas as thinking, rationalization etc.
Location of Manas: Ayurveda illustrates the abode of Manas in heart due to strong connection of brain and heart as heart is source of nutrition and oxygen for brain through blood. Without energy, brain stops to work.
Conclusion: Manas can be referred to essence of brain. It cannot be separated from brain. Neuroimaging have already proved the changes in brain based on specific thinking.
Key words: Manas, Mana, Brain, Brain-mind relation………..