Prof. K.S.Sanjay Dr. Prashant Kumar Jha Botanical Source: Leaves of Bidens pilosa Linn. from family Asteraceae. Geographical Source: This plant is found throughout India up to height 4,500 feet in wasteland, garden etc. Morphology: It is annual or perennial plant with stem up to 180 cm in height. Leaves are 1-pinnately compound with 3-7 lobes. Leaf blades are 2.5-8 x 1-4 cm in size, ovate to lanceolate in shape with serrate margin, usually ciliate. Bases are truncate to cuneate. Heads are in corymbs or single. Ray florets are white. Disc florets are with yellowish corollas. Inner achenes are blackish, 4-angled. Microscopy: Leaf: The transverse section of leaves shows single layered epidermal cells (upper and lower) traversed by trichomes. In mesophyl
It is a perennial plant with stems up to 3 meters in length. Leaves are oblong to ovate-lanceolate in shape, 15-20 x 6-12 cm in size. Inflorescence is terminal, ellipsoid with bright red leathery bract. Calyx is red while corolla is white. Labellum is white and trumpet-shaped. Stamen is white with orange-yellow base. Capsules are red and globose. Seeds are black, glossy, 3mm across. Rhizome is used as anti-inflammatory in gout, rheumatism, asthma, bronchitis etc. It is also used as astringent, purgative, anthelmintic, antifungal etc.
It is an important medicinal plant, used as Laghupanchamoola of Dashmoola in Ayurveda. Roots are used as astringent, diuretic, antipyretic, nervine tonic, anthelmintic etc. It is an undershrub, up to 120 cm in height. Leaves are unifoliolate. Leaflets are 4-13 x 3-8 cm in size, orbicular, ovate in shape, glabrous above and pubescent below. Flowers are in terminal raceme, violet to white in colour. Fruits are 1.2-2.5 cm long and 2.5 mm broad, subfalcate, upper suture slightly indented, lower deeply indented between the seeds. Gangetin, gangetinin, desmodin and many other alkaloids are reported in root.
Celastrus paniculatus Willd. (Jyotishmati) It is large woody climber with lenticels on young shoots. Leaves are broadly ovate, obovate or oblong-ovate. The upper half to three-fourth margin is serrate while lower half to one-fourth is emarginated. Panicles are in drooping cymes. Male and female flowers are different. Capsules are 0.8-1.2 cm across. Seeds are yellowish-brown. Seeds are used as nervine tonic, diaphoretic and emetic. The seed-oil is used for treating depression and hysteria. It is used for improving memory. Roots are used in swollen veins and in pneumotic affections. Leaves are antidysenteric.
It is an appressed hairy herb. Leaves are 1-2.5 - 0.5-1 cm, ovate, elliptic or oblong. Flowers are axillary and solitary. Capsules are 0.3-05 cm across and rounded. Seeds are oblong, smooth and dark-brown. The whole plant is used as brain tonic. The decoction of plant is given as blood purifier. Evolvine, an alkaloid of plant is used as stimulant for respiration and blood pressure.
This is 8-10 meters tall tree with grey-green bark covered with raised lenticels. Leaves are simple, opposite, 4-15 x 2.5-5 cm in size, elliptic-ovate in shape with acuminated or rounded apex. Flowers are white to dull-white in colour and in cymes or in axillary fascicles. Drupes are ovoid. Traditionally in Kerala, bark and leaves of this plant are used in joint problems, for wound healing etc.
This is an ornamental plant. The word, 'Thunbergia is given after the name of Swedish botanist Thunberg. The species name, 'mysorensis' is based on the name of the place, Mysore (Karnataka, India). Like other species of Thunbergia, this plant is also used as antibacterial, anthelmintic etc. in folklore. Still researches are needed.