Monday, August 19News That Matters

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Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.) DC.

Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.) DC.

Gallery, Medicinal Plants
It is an important medicinal plant, used as Laghupanchamoola of Dashmoola in Ayurveda. Roots are used as astringent, diuretic, antipyretic, nervine tonic, anthelmintic etc. It is an undershrub, up to 120 cm in height. Leaves are unifoliolate. Leaflets are 4-13 x 3-8 cm in size, orbicular, ovate in shape, glabrous above and pubescent below. Flowers are in terminal raceme, violet to white in colour. Fruits are 1.2-2.5 cm long and 2.5 mm broad, subfalcate, upper suture slightly indented, lower deeply indented between the seeds. Gangetin, gangetinin, desmodin and many other alkaloids are reported in root.
Celastrus paniculatus Willd.

Celastrus paniculatus Willd.

Gallery, Medicinal Plants
Celastrus paniculatus Willd. (Jyotishmati)   It is large woody climber with lenticels on young shoots. Leaves are broadly ovate, obovate or oblong-ovate. The upper half to three-fourth margin is serrate while lower half to one-fourth is emarginated. Panicles are in drooping cymes. Male and female flowers are different. Capsules are 0.8-1.2 cm across. Seeds are yellowish-brown. Seeds are used as nervine tonic, diaphoretic and emetic. The seed-oil is used for treating depression and hysteria. It is used for improving memory. Roots are used in swollen veins and in pneumotic affections. Leaves are antidysenteric.
Marsilea minuta L.

Marsilea minuta L.

Gallery, Medicinal Plants
Masrsilea minuta L. is perennial plant from Pteriopsida class and Marsileaceae family. It is common in water and marshy places. The plants is known as Sunishannaka or Swastika in Ayurveda. It is used as sedative, in insomnia and many of behavioural disorders.
Gallery, Medicinal Plants
The plant is used in place of famous Ayurvedic drug Brihati. In traditional medicine, its fruits and leaves are used as antimicrobial. The juice of plant is used to treat fevers, cough, asthma etc. The leaves are dried and used for diabetic patients.
Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. (Vishnukranta)

Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. (Vishnukranta)

Gallery, Medicinal Plants
It is an appressed hairy herb. Leaves are 1-2.5 - 0.5-1 cm, ovate, elliptic or oblong. Flowers are axillary and solitary. Capsules are 0.3-05 cm across and rounded. Seeds are oblong, smooth and dark-brown. The whole plant is used as brain tonic. The decoction of plant is given as blood purifier. Evolvine, an alkaloid of plant is used as stimulant for respiration and blood pressure.  
Chionanthus mala-elengi (Densst.) P.S. Green

Chionanthus mala-elengi (Densst.) P.S. Green

Gallery, Medicinal Plants
This is 8-10 meters tall tree with grey-green bark covered with raised lenticels. Leaves are simple, opposite, 4-15 x 2.5-5 cm in size, elliptic-ovate in shape with acuminated or rounded apex. Flowers are white to dull-white in colour and in cymes or in axillary fascicles. Drupes are ovoid. Traditionally in Kerala, bark and leaves of this plant are used in joint problems, for wound healing etc.
Thunbergia mysorensis

Thunbergia mysorensis

Gallery, Medicinal Plants
This is an ornamental plant. The word, 'Thunbergia is given after the name of Swedish botanist Thunberg. The species name, 'mysorensis' is based on the name of the place, Mysore (Karnataka, India). Like other species of Thunbergia, this plant is also used as antibacterial, anthelmintic etc. in folklore. Still researches are needed.